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Vivek Subbiah: Harnessing the potential of basket trials
Mar 8, 2024, 15:14

Vivek Subbiah: Harnessing the potential of basket trials

Vivek Subbiah recently shared a post on X/Twitter:

“Revolutionizing cancer drug development: Harnessing the potential of basket trials.”

He also added:

“The landscape of cancer therapy has been transformed by advances in clinical next-generation sequencing, genomically targeted therapies and immunotherapies.

Well-designed clinical trials and efficient clinical trial conduct are crucial for advancing our understanding of cancer, improving patient outcomes, and identifying personalized treatments.

Basket trials have emerged as one of the efficient modern clinical trial designs that evaluate the efficacy of these therapies across multiple cancer types based on specific molecular alterations or biomarkers, irrespective of histology or anatomic location.

This review delves into the evolution of basket trials in cancer drug development, highlighting their potential prospects and current obstacles.

The design of basket trials involves screening patients for specific molecular alterations or biomarkers and enrolling them in the trial to receive the targeted therapy under investigation. Statistical considerations play a crucial role in the design, analysis, and interpretation of basket trials.

Several notable examples of basket trials that have led to US Food and Drug Administration approval for uncommon molecular alterations (e.g., NTRK fusions, BRAF mutations, RET and FGFR1 alterations) are discussed, including LOXO-TRK (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02122913)/SCOUT (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02637687)/NAVIGATE (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02576431)/STARTRK (ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers NT02097810, NT02568267), VE-BASKET (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01524978), ROAR Basket (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02034110), LIBRETTO-001 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03157128), ARROW (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03037385), FIGHT-203 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03011372), and the National Cancer Institute-Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02465060). Basket trials have the potential to revolutionize cancer treatment by identifying effective therapies for patients based on specific molecular alterations or biomarkers rather than traditional histology-based approaches.”

Source: Vivek Subbiah/X and Vivek Subbiah/X

Vivek Subbiah is the Chief of Early-Phase Drug Development at the Sarah Cannon Research Institute (USA). He is the former Executive Director of Oncology Research at the MD Anderson Cancer Network and a former Associate Professor in the Department of Investigational Cancer Therapeutics at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. Dr. Vivek Subbiah has served as the principal investigator in over 100 phase I/II trials and co-investigator in over 200 clinical trials and is known for his leadership in several first-in-human and practice-changing studies that directly led to approvals from the FDA, European Medicines Agency, and other agencies across the world. He is an expert in tumor agnostic precision oncology and leads the BRAF and RET tissue agnostic studies to FDA approval.